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ñàéò: Ìîñòû öåíòðàëüíîãî Ëîíäîíà
ðàçäåë: Ìîñò Ìèëëåííèóì
Tower Bridge | London Bridge | Cannon Street Railway Bridge | Southwark Bridge | Millennium Bridge | Blackfriars Railway Bridge | Blackfriars Bridge | Waterloo Bridge | Hungerford Bridge | Westminster Bridge | Lambeth Bridge | Vauxhall Bridge












Ìîñò Ìèëëåííèóì ::: Millennium Bridge

Ìîñò Ìèëëåííèóì - ñàìûé ìîëîäîé ìîñò öåíòðàëüíîãî Ëîíäîíà (åñëè íå ñ÷èòàòü ïåøåõîäíûõ ìîñòîâ Õàíãåðôîðä - íî òå áûëè ïîñòðîåíû â êà÷åñòâå çàìåíû ñóùåñòâîâàâøèõ ðàíåå ïåøåõîäíûõ ãàëåðåé âîêðóã îäíîèì¸ííîãî æåëåçíîäîðîæíîãî ìîñòà). Ýòî ïåðâûé íîâûé ìîñò (à íå ïåðåñòðîåííûé ñòàðûé), âîçâåä¸ííûé â öåíòðàëüíîì Ëîíäîíå çà ïîñëåäíåå ñòîëåòèå (ïðåäûäóùèì áûë Òàóýðñêèé ìîñò).

Ìîñò Ìèëëåííèóì èìååò íåîáû÷íóþ êîíñòðóêöèþ: ýòî ãîðèçîíòàëüíûé âèñÿ÷èé ìîñò. Òàêæå îí èìååò çàïîìèíàþùèéñÿ è ëåãêî óçíàâàåìûé âíåøíèé âèä: äâå Y-âèäíûå ðå÷íûå îïîðû, ìåæäó âåðõóøêàìè êîòîðûõ, à òàêæå ìåæäó íèìè è êàæäûì áåðåãîì, ïðîõîäÿò íàòÿíóòûå ñòàëüíûå êàíàòû (ïî 4 ñ êàæäîé ñòîðîíû), íà êàíàòû ïîäâåøåíû ìíîæåñòâåííûå ïîïåðå÷íûå áàëêè, ïîääåðæèâàþùèå íàñòèë ìîñòà.

íàçâàíèå

Íàçâàíèå ìîñòà ïåðåâîäèòñÿ ñ àíãëèéñêîãî êàê Ìîñò òûñÿ÷åëåòèÿ - îí áûë ïîñòðîåí â îçíàìåíîâàíèå íàñòóïëåíèÿ íîâîãî, òðåòüåãî, òûñÿ÷åëåòèÿ è ñòàë îäíèì èç íåñêîëüêèõ ìàñøòàáíûõ ñîîðóæåíèé, âîçâåä¸ííûõ â Ëîíäîíå â ñâÿçè ñ ïðàçäíîâàíèåì Ìèëëåííèóìà (ïðèìåðû äðóãèõ: êîëåñî îáîçðåíèÿ London Eye, îãðîìíîå êóïîëîîáðàçíîå çäàíèå Millennium Dome è äð.).

Îôèöèàëüíîå íàçâàíèå ìîñòà - London Millennium Footbridge (ëîíäîíñêèé ïåøåõîäíûé ìîñò òûñÿ÷åëåòèÿ).

ñîñåäíèå äîñòîïðèìå÷àòåëüíîñòè

Åñëè èäòè ïî ìîñòó íà ñåâåðíûé áåðåã Òåìçû, òî âïåðåäè (íà ñàìîé ëèíèè ìîñòà) áóäåò âèäåí êóïîë ñîáîðà Ñâ. Ïàâëà è åãî þæíûé ôàñàä. Åñëè æå äâèãàòüñÿ íà þã, òî âïåðåäè áóäåò âèäíà ðàñïîëîæåííàÿ íà áåðåãó Òåìçû ãàëåðåÿ Òåéò Ìîäåðí, à ñëåâà ðÿäîì ñ íåé - ðåêîíñòðóêöèÿ øåêñïèðîâñêîãî òåàòðà Ãëîáóñ.

èñòîðèÿ ñòðîèòåëüñòâà

Ñòðîèòåëüñòâî ìîñòà íà÷àëîñü â 1999 ãîäó. Ïåðåä ýòèì íà îáîèõ áåðåãàõ Òåìçû â òåõ ìåñòàõ, êîòîðûå äîëæíû áûëè áûòü çàäåòû ïðè ñòðîèòåëüíûõ ðàáîòàõ, ïðîâåëè àðõåîëîãè÷åñêèå ðàñêîïêè.

Òàê ïîëó÷èëîñü, ÷òî ó ìîñòà 2 äàòû îòêðûòèÿ. 10 èþíÿ 2000 ãîäà ìîñò áûë òîðæåñòâåííî îòêðûò â ïðèñóòñòâèè êîðîëåâû Åëèçàâåòû II.  ýòîò äåíü ïî ìîñòó ïðîøëî îêîëî 100 òûñ. ÷åëîâåê. Îäíîâðåìåííî íà ìîñòó íàõîäèëîñü äî 2 òûñ. ÷åëîâåê. Ïðè ýòîì âûÿñíèëàñü íåïðèÿòíàÿ âåùü - ìîñò ñëèøêîì ñèëüíî ðàñêà÷èâàëñÿ èç ñòîðîíû â ñòîðîíó èç-çà ðåçîíàíñíûõ ÿâëåíèé, íà êîòîðûå íå ðàññ÷èòûâàëè èíæåíåðû. Ñíà÷àëà áûëà ïðåäïðèíÿòà ïîïûòêà îãðàíè÷èòü êîëè÷åñòâî ëþäåé, îäíîâðåìåííî ïðîõîäÿùèõ ïî ìîñòó, íî ýòî ïðèâåëî ê âîçíèêíîâåíèþ äëèííûõ î÷åðåäåé. ×åðåç 2 äíÿ, 12 èþíÿ, ìîñò çàêðûëè íà ðåêîíñòðóêöèþ. Ìîñò ïîëó÷èë ïðîçâèùå øàòêèé (The Wobbly Bridge).

Íà÷àëàñü ïåðåñòðîéêà ìîñòà - èíæåíåðû ðåøèëè äîáàâèòü â åãî êîíñòðóêöèþ äåìïôåðû (ñïåöèàëüíûå ãàñèòåëè êîëåáàíèé). Çàòåì ïî ìîñòó ïðîøëè 2000 äîáðîâîëüöåâ, äîêàçàâøèõ, ÷òî ïðîáëåìà óñòðàíåíà. Ïîâòîðíîå îòêðûòèå ìîñòà äëÿ ïåøåõîäîâ ñîñòîÿëîñü 22 ôåâðàëÿ 2002 ãîäà. Ñ òåõ ïîð çíà÷èòåëüíûå êîëåáàíèÿ ìîñòà íå íàáëþäàëèñü.

íîâîñòè

18 ÿíâàðÿ 2007 ãîäà
Ìîñò áûë âðåìåííî çàêðûò èç-çà î÷åíü ñèëüíîãî âåòðà (â ýòè äíè íàä áîëüøåé ÷àñòüþ Åâðîïû ñâèðåïñòâîâàë óðàãàí Êèðèëë), êîòîðûé ìîã ñäóòü ïåøåõîäîâ ñ ìîñòà.

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ÑÑÛËÊÈ
(íà àíãë. ÿçûêå)

Ðàçäåë ñàéòà èíæåíåðíîé êîìïàíèè Arup, ïîñâÿù¸ííûé ìîñòó Ìèëëåííèóì - îäíîìó èç ïðîåêòîâ êîìïàíèè.  ðàçäåëå in depth > video ìîæíî ñêà÷àòü âèäåîðîëèêè ïðî ìîñò (â òîì ÷èñëå âèäåî áîêîâîãî ðàñêà÷èâàíèÿ ìîñòà, ñíÿòîå â äåíü åãî îòêðûòèÿ è ïðî÷.)
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 òèï ìîñòà: ãîðèçîíòàëüíûé âèñÿ÷èé
 êîëè÷åñòâî îïîð: 2 Y-âèäíûå
 íàçíà÷åíèå: ïåøåõîäíûé
 ãîä îòêðûòèÿ: 2000 (2002)

ÔÎÒÎ (êëèêàáåëüíî)
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Íà ýòîé ôîòîãðàôèè õîðîøî âèäíû ýëåìåíòû êîíñòðóêöèè ìîñòà


Âèä íà ìîñò ñâåðõó. Þæíûé êîíåö ìîñòà âûõîäèò ê ãàëåðåå Òåéò Ìîäåðí (êîðè÷íåâîå çäàíèå ñ òðóáîé ïîñåðåäèíå - çäàíèå áûâøåé ýëåêòðîñòàíöèè), ñëåâà îò íå¸ âèäíî áåëîå êðóãëîå çäàíèå - ðåêîíñòðóêöèÿ òåàòðà Ãëîáóñ


Ïîäú¸ì íà ìîñò íà þæíîì áåðåãó Òåìçû. Âïåðåäè, ïðÿìî ïî ëèíèè ìîñòà, âèäåí ñîáîð Ñâ. Ïàâëà


Þæíûé êîíåö ìîñòà ñäåëàí ðàçäâîåííûì





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