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ñàéò: Ìîñòû öåíòðàëüíîãî Ëîíäîíà
ðàçäåë: ìîñò Âîêñõîëë
Tower Bridge | London Bridge | Cannon Street Railway Bridge | Southwark Bridge | Millennium Bridge | Blackfriars Railway Bridge | Blackfriars Bridge | Waterloo Bridge | Hungerford Bridge | Westminster Bridge | Lambeth Bridge | Vauxhall Bridge |












ìîñò Âîêñõîëë :::
Vauxhall Bridge

Ýòîò ìîñò àðî÷íûé è 5òè-ïðîë¸òíûé, ÷òî äåëàåò åãî â öåëîì ïîõîæèì íà òàêèå ìîñòû öåíòðàëüíîãî Ëîíäîíà, êàê Ñàóòâîðêñêèé, Ëàìáåò, ìîñòû Áëýêôðàéåðç.  îòëè÷èå îò íèõ ó íåãî áîëåå âåñ¸ëàÿ îêðàñêà - åãî îñíîâíûå öâåòà êðàñíûé è æ¸ëòûé.

Íî ãëàâíàÿ îñîáåííîñòü ìîñòà - ñêóëüïòóðû, ñòîÿùèå íà îïîðàõ ìîñòà (îíè ñòîÿò ïî äâå íà êàæäîé îïîðå - ñ êàæäîé ñòîðîíû ìîñòà). Òàêèì îáðàçîì, ñêóëüïòóð âñåãî 8, îíè ñèìâîëèçèðóþò: ãîí÷àðíîå äåëî, òåõíèêó, àðõèòåêòóðó, ñåëüñêîå õîçÿéñòâî, íàóêè, èçÿùíûå èñêóññòâà, ìåñòíûå âëàñòè è îáðàçîâàíèå.

íàçâàíèå

Âîêñõîëë - îäèí èç äâóõ ðàéîíîâ Ëîíäîíà (ðàñïîëàãàåòñÿ íà þæíîì áåðåãó Òåìçû), êîòîðûå ìîñò ñîåäèíÿåò ìåæäó ñîáîé.

Îáùåïðèíÿòîé ÿâëÿåòñÿ âåðñèÿ, ÷òî ýòèìîëîãèÿ ñëîâà Âîêñõîëë âîñõîäèò ê èìåíè æèâøåãî â Ëîíäîíå â ñðåäíèå âåêà íîðìàííñêîãî êóïöà Falkes de Breauté - îí âëàäåë áîëüøèì äîìîì â äàííîé ìåñòíîñòè, êîòîðóþ ñòàëè íàçûâàòü Faulke's Hall, çàòåì Foxhall è åù¸ ïîçæå Vauxhall.

Òàêæå ñ÷èòàåòñÿ, ÷òî ðóññêîå ñëîâî âîêçàë ïðîèñõîäèò îò íàçâàíèÿ Âîêñõîëë. (Ïî ïîâîäó òîãî, êàê ýòî ïðîèçîøî, ñóùåñòâóþò ðàçíûå âåðñèè.)

ñîñåäíèå äîñòîïðèìå÷àòåëüíîñòè

Ðÿäîì ñ þæíûì êîíöîì ìîñòà âîçâûøàåòñÿ ïîñòðîåííîå â 1995 ãîäó çäàíèå Ñåêðåòíîé ðàçâåäûâàòåëüíîé ñëóæáû Âåëèêîáðèòàíèè (ýòà ñëóæáà áîëåå èçâåñòíà êàê âíåøíÿÿ ðàçâåäêà ÌÈ-6).

èñòîðèÿ ñòðîèòåëüñòâà

Ïåðâûé ìîñò íà ýòîì ìåñòå (äî íåãî çäåñü áûëà ïàðîìíàÿ ïåðåïðàâà) áûë ïîñòðîåí â 1816 ãîäó (ñòðîèòåëüñòâî åãî äëèëîñü 7 ëåò). Îí èìåë 9 ïðîë¸òîâ è ñòàë ïåðâûì æåëåçíûì ìîñòîì ÷åðåç Òåìçó. Ìîñò áûë ïîñòðîåí ÷àñòíîé êîìïàíèåé è äî 1879 ãîäà áûë ïëàòíûì. Íåêîòîðîå âðåìÿ ìîñò íàçûâàëñÿ Ðåãåíòñêèì - â ÷åñòü ïðèíöà-ðåãåíòà Ãåîðãà, íî âñêîðå áûë ïåðåèìåíîâàí â Âîêñõîëë.

 1906 ãîäó áûë ïîñòðîåí ñîâðåìåííûé ìîñò (îí ñòðîèëñÿ 8 ëåò). Îí ñòàë ïåðâûì ìîñòîì, ïî êîòîðîìó áûëè ïóùåíû òðàìâàè. Òðàìâàè õîäèëè ïî ìîñòó äî 1951 ãîäà, êîãäà âî âñ¸ì Ëîíäîíå îòêàçàëèñü îò ýòîãî âèäà îáùåñòâåííîãî òðàíñïîðòà.  1968 ãîäó Âîêñõîëë ñòàë ïåðâûì ìîñòîì, íà êîòîðîì áûëà âûäåëåíà ñïåöèàëüíàÿ ïîëîñà äëÿ äâèæåíèÿ àâòîáóñîâ.

Âî âðåìÿ Âòîðîé ìèðîâîé âîéíû, ÷òîáû îòâëå÷ü íåìåöêèå èñòðåáèòåëè îò ýòîãî î÷åíü âàæíîãî â òðàíñïîðòíîì îòíîøåíèè ìîñòà, ïàðàëëåëüíî åìó â 180 ìåòðàõ âíèç ïî òå÷åíèþ Òåìçû áûë ïîñòðîåí âðåìåííûé ìîñò, íàçâàííûé Millbank Bridge. Îí áûë ðàçîáðàí â 1948 ãîäó.

Ðÿäîì ñ þæíûì êîíöîì ìîñòà íàõîäèòñÿ ñïóñê, ïî êîòîðîìó èç Òåìçû âûáèðàþòñÿ íà äîðîãó òóðèñòè÷åñêèå àâòîáóñû-àìôèáèè.

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ÑÑÛËÊÈ

Õîðîøàÿ âèäåîñú¸ìêà ìîñòà, íà ìîñòó è îêðåñòíîñòåé
YouTube


 òèï ìîñòà: àðî÷íûé
 êîëè÷åñòâî îïîð: 4
 íàçíà÷åíèå: àâòîìîáèëüíûé, ïåøåõîäíûé
 ãîä îòêðûòèÿ ñîâðåìåííîãî/ïåðâîãî ìîñòà: 1906/1816

ÔÎÒÎ (êëèêàáåëüíî)
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Ñòàðûé ìîñò Âîêñõîëë
(ãðàâþðà èç èçäàíèÿ 1835 ãîäà)




Íîâûé ìîñò. Âèä ñ âîçäóõà




Õîðîøî âèäíû ñêóëüïòóðû íà îïîðàõ ìîñòà




Îäíà èç ñêóëüïòóð
(ñèìâîëèçèðóåò èçÿùíûå èñêóññòâà)




Çäàíèå MI6




Àâòîáóñ-àìôèáèÿ âåç¸ò òóðèñòîâ





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